Change Tracking–an easy way to track your changes TIP#78

 

I am pretty much sure by the title of this post you had idea of the post content. Although I am late to post this feature Smile but anyways Change Tracking (CT) is a feature came in SQL SERVER 2008.

As the name mention it track the changes like DELETE, INSERT , UPDATE type DML operations which we can synch to another database. (Microsoft Synch Framework).

In simple word what ever we change in table will be track by Change Tracking feature.

The main constraint which I would like say here is there should be a primary key in table for which we have enabled this CT (Change tracking) feature.

Now your next question is how to use this feature so not to worry below is step by step way to use this feature.

Step 1:- First step is enable Change Tracking property of database. you can enable this property by right clicking database property as shown in below figure.

Database_Change_Tracking_Settings

Or you can write following query to enable CT (Change tracking) feature on database

ALTER DATABASE IndiandotnetDB
SET CHANGE_TRACKING = ON
(CHANGE_RETENTION = 2 DAYS, AUTO_CLEANUP = ON)

Now let me explain here what is CHANGE_RETENTION & AUTO_CLEANUP property here.

So change retention is feature which tell how many days we have to keep the change history. In above statement we have chosen for 3 days.

Now next feature is AUTO clean_up with this help of this feature we can clean garbage data from temporary storage where SQL SERVER keeping the data.

Step 2:- Now we have to enable same feature on SQL table which is tblStudentSource on which we have to track database.

table_Change_Tracking_Settings

If we see there are two property which is basically mapping  property for which we have enabled this property.

We can run following command as well

ALTER TABLE tblStudentSource
ENABLE CHANGE_TRACKING
WITH (TRACK_COLUMNS_UPDATED = ON)

For tables which we want track we have to enable this feature. Currently I chosen only single table which is tblStudentSource.

Step 3:- We can cross check Whether feature is enabled or not on database and table by running following command

SELECT DB_Name(database_id), * FROM sys.change_tracking_databases
SELECT object_Name(object_Id), * FROM sys.change_tracking_tables

CT_Feature_Check

Step 4:- if we see result of step3 command we will find our CT (Change Tracking) feature is enabled on database & particular table.

Now if we make any changes in table tblStudentSource (or table on which we have enabled this feature).

Now suppose We have inserted,  deleted some records in tblStudentSource table

Before enable Change Tracking feature  we have following table data

Before_Enable

Now once we have enabled this we have inserted a record and deleted a record from tblStudentSource

After_enable

Now to track our changes we have to run following command

SELECT CTTable.StudentId ,
       ssource.FirstName , ssource.LastName,
       ssource.StudentId ,
       ssource.detail,
       ssource.Course,
       CTTable.SYS_CHANGE_OPERATION, CTTable.SYS_CHANGE_VERSION, CTTable.SYS_CHANGE_COLUMNS, CTTable.SYS_CHANGE_CONTEXT
FROM CHANGETABLE (CHANGES tblStudentSource, 1) AS CTTable
LEFT OUTER JOIN tblStudentSource AS ssource
ON ssource.StudentId = CTTable.studentId

CT_Tracking

Now if we see above snap we will find the all the changed row whether it is inserted or deleted is tracked by SQL SERVER and we can find it easily.

Here we would like to see some more important points.

So Whatever changes track by ChangeTracking feature of SQL Server is stored in a internal table which we can find with following command.

SELECT * FROM sys.internal_tables WHERE parent_object_id = OBJECT_ID(‘tblStudentSource’)

internalTable

If you see above query statement which we wrote to determine data which we have changed there is a function which we have used “CHANGETABLE

The first parameter of this function is tablename with changes prefix and second parameter is Change tracking version number. Here Change tracking version number is nothing but a tracking of operation held on that particular version.

We can find the  current version by following command

Change_tracking_Number

SELECT  CHANGE_TRACKING_CURRENT_VERSION()

This version will helpful in synchronization.

I hope this might helpful to you somewhere in your project.

It is a good to know feature.

Thanks

Rj

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