How to create first basic package with SSIS ? tip #113

Dear friends,

In last post #112 we understood WWH (What ,Why & How ) of SSIS. Now , lets move now real quick in practical session where we will try to create a basic simple package.

The example which we are creating is well known Export data from SQL SERVER to a flat file.

Step 1:-  Open SQL SERVER Data Tool from start menu

Sql_server_data_tool

Step 2:- Once it is open create a new project by clicking new project option. You have to select proper template as highlighted in below figure and give a name to project. As shown in below figure

SSISCreate_Project_Indiandotnet

Step 3:- Now drag drop data flow task control from SSIS toolbox. You can give customize message by click control’s text. I prefer this habit so down the line if  after few month or years if you need to do some maintenance or logic change you don’t need to think a lot for why this control is for.

DataFlowControl_indiandotnet_1

Step 4:- Now double click on Data flow control or click on data flow tab. Now on this area you have to drag drop source assistance. When you drag drop it you will get a pop as shown below.

Source_Assistance

 

The screen source assistance is the way by which we can select the data source on which we need to perform operation.  As you are seeing in the image there are different data sources

Like SQL SERVER, Excel, Flat file, Oracle.

Although, you can select other sources also from SSIS toolbox as shown in below screen (As you are seeing there are various individual sources exists in toolbox itself so either use source assistance or drag drop individual source.It is worthless to explain here that excel source for excel file, flat file source for flat file and so on.

OtherSource

In this example we are selecting SQL SERVER. When you select Source Type then you have to configure connection Manager.For this we have to select “NEW” in connection manager panel and click OK button.

You will get below screen where you can give all the information related to  SQL SERVER by which our package can connect with that data source. below I am using my SQL SERVER installed on my machine and using AdventureWorks database as shown in below image.

SQL_Server_Connection

 

Now once connection is setup. Now we have to export a particular table data in a flat file. but you are wondering which table or data which we are going to export.

Step 5:- Now to select data which whether it is entire table, or stored procedure output , or view output or just simple SQL query. for this we need to double click on OLEDB data source and then we will get following screen.

OLEB_Data_Source

Now ,here we can choose data access mode either table or view, or SQL command ,SQL command with variable. To make this first example easy we are choosing table or view and selecting “Product table “ in below drop down for Name of the table or the view.

Step 6:- Now once you have selected table or view you can select specific columns which we need to export in flat file. For this we have to select columns option available on left side. when you click it you will get below screen.

Check_Uncheck_columns

As shown in above figure you can check uncheck the columns which you need to export in flat file. we can rename the column name as well (as I did standard Cost to MRP). If you see below image

SELECTED_Columns

Here I am not explaining errorout option in detail in general sense just think it is configuration step if something failed.

Step 8:-

Now, we have source which we need to export in flat file, for this we may require a destination file in which we can store the data. So, Now we drag drop destination control which will be a flat file destination control as shown in below figure.

FileDestination

Step 9:-  Now in above image you are seeing there are 2 arrows which is just flow direction means where the data needs to flow. Obviously in our case the data needs to flow from oledb source to flat file destination. So what we  need to do drag the blue arrow and release it on flat file destination as shown below.

DataFlow_arrow

 

Step 10 :- I don’t know whether you noticed or not but let me tell you here. If you see above figure data is flowing from oledb source to flat file destination which is good but on same time there is cross image in red color which means there is some error in the control. So guess what is the error ?

I think you picked right the destination is not configured. So to do this we need to double click the flat file destination.

Step 11: When you double click you will get below screen. In which you need to configure the file location and file format like whether you want a delimiter file, fixed length file and many other option as shown in below figure. In our example we are using delimiter file option.

flatFileOption

Step 12:- When you hit OK you will get following screen where you need to configure as shown in below figure. You need to give file location with file path. if you want different delimiter the you can choose that also.

FlatFile_Detail

Step 12:- Now press OK you will get flat file destination editor in which you can select mapping option and just check it for your query whether all the selected columns from source are aligning or not.

Mapping

Step 12:- Once we done with this you will see the cross image in red disappear. If you are still seeing this it means there is something going wrong with configuration.

Now if everything is good then we can run our first own created package by pressing F5 or with Start option in IDE.

Step 13:-  If everything is correct you will get right check in green apart from this you might be interested how many rows transfer from source to destination so that information also can be found. see below image for detail.

RunPackage

In our case we moved 504 rows. Now lets cross check at the destination location as well whether the file is created or not with these 504 rows.

resultFlatFile

WOW , we did it . We created our first simplest package which is export data from SQL to flat file.

I hope you enjoyed the learning. In next step we will do something more advance. mean while I request you all to do same practice and try to use excel instead of flat file.

Please do write your inputs. Let me know whether you are enjoying this series or not.

Enjoy !!!

RJ!!!

WWH of SSIS Zero to Hero in SSIS series (How to Use SSIS ?) TIP #112

Hello Friends,

Welcome, back to Zero to Hero in SSIS series(Post #110). In last post #111 ,We gone through the WW (What & Why part) of SSIS in this post we will try to understand How to start SSIS ? How to use SSIS tool ?

You can start SSIS with SQL Server Data Tools  which you  can find in Microsoft SQL SERVER 2012 folder in start menu.

SSIS_With_SQL_SERVER_2012

Here only the name is different but you will find same Visual Studio IDE when you click on this SQL SERVER data tools icon.

In the IDE when you click on New Project option from File Menu

New_project_option

You will get below screen in which you need to select Business Intelligence template  and then select Integration Services. You will get two option “Integration Service Project” & Integration Service Import Project wizard

Ssis_templates

Now, We can select any template and proceed further. In general we select “Integration Service Project” . Here I am going to share some basic components when you try to create  SSIS Project.

Don’t bother if you don’t understand the definition of explanation given below. I know theoretically it might be hard but practically it is much much easier. 

Basic_Concept

1) Control Flow :-  Control Flow  is one of the most important component. Think this as as a container which helps in workflow. If you see below image Control Flow is first tab. It might contain tasks or container. It is helpful in sequencing of task (where task can for loop, send mail, xml process,etc.)  Below is container tools which we can use.

ContainerTool

2) Data Flow Task :- Another most important component is Data Flow Task.  As the name state it is a task in which data flow. Isn’t it simple ?  A data flow is part of Control Flow Task. All the major operation can be accomplished with the help of data flow task controls. When you use DFT(Data flow task) you will get various option like Data Sources (from where we need to fetch data) ,Transformation controls( Operation control like aggregation, split etc.) by which we can customize the data and last but not the least Destination in which format we need the data back like SQL Server, MYSQL, ORACLE etc. (We will discuss each DFT controls in detail in coming posts). Below is DFT tools which we will use later on.

DFT_tools

3) Parameters:- I am sure you are aware of this parameters. Parameters are variables which help you in execution of your business logic (it might be possible you might require or not require.). Parameter has different scope and according to our need we will use and define the scope. not to worry about this as well right now. We will discuss and see practical use in coming posts. Below is the screen from which we can add parameters if required.

Parameter_Add_screen

4) Event Handlers:- Event handler is the easy way to have control over your SSIS events. We can have different events like onError, onPostExectution etc. which give us liberty to improve the reliability ,monitoring  and auditing of a package closely. We will surely going to do demo for this.

Event_Handler

5) Package :- The final output of all the above core component is a Package. In other word Package is combination of various Control flow, Data flow tasks , parameters to achieve a ETL task. Earlier the extension of package was DTS and with latest version it is DTSX. If someone ask you what you do with SSIS tool you can simply say we create Packages in which we use different control flow & task flow control and once it is completed we deploy the Package. The important point here is we create a Package and then execute it by deploying.

DTSX_Package

 

Now in broader way if we envision it. Below picture might help you to understand it.

Package

In Next post we will go one step ahead.

Please do provide your inputs what you are thinking so far ?

Enjoy !!!

RJ!!

WWH in SSIS ? Zero to Hero in SSIS series TIP#111

Dear Friends,

As shared in last post Post #110, We are starting SSIS tutorial series ( A Step by Step  SSIS learning tutorial) from today.

Before starting anything we might have some questions like What is SSIS ? Why SSIS ? & How to use SSIS ?

In general term I called this “WWH” What, why  How ?

So, the straight forward answer is SSIS is SQL SERVER Integration Service (a Microsoft tool). It generally comes with SQL Server license. Although It is not always mandatory to have this SSIS tool with SQL Server license, You can install it standalone as well. SSIS is a ETL (Extract Transform loading) tool. We can can use SSIS with IDE which provided by Microsoft.

Now, I understand this is too straight forward and we are not able to digest easily. Let me explain it with an example.

I am leaving in Indore a city reside in Madhaya pradesh a state in the heart  of India. Suppose the Chief Minister of MP allocated some funds to Municipal corporation of  each cities like Indore, Ujjain, Bhopal etc. to do whatever best they can do with money and make their city a better place.

After few years The Chief Minister realized and thought let’s ask each cities how they utilized the money. What are the different areas on which they have work with the provided money.

The chief minister wants consolidate reports (which we generally called MIS reports) as well as some detailed reports.

Now, suppose different municipal corporations using different ways to restore data like Indore municipal corporation using Microsoft SQL SERVER, Bhopal municipal  corporation using ORACLE, Ujjain’s municipal corporation using  MYSQL, Devas municipal corporation using flat file system.

So there might be different heterogeneous systems used to maintain the data and data would be on different verticals like Transportation (Road & Bridges), Water harvesting (River  & tanks) ,Agriculture , lighting etc.

To grab this entire data & consolidate them in one single database and providing the reports to Chief minister so that he can analyze which city doing progress , which city consuming money , how much work done in different vertical so that , he can take further decisions.

I hope you understand  a big problem here which is gathering data from different heterogonous resource & compile them and provide a unique data base on which reports will create is a big task which can be easily done by an ETL (Extract Transform Loading) tool which is SQL SERVER Integration Service Tool.

Here Extract means extract or fetch data from different resource or data source whether it is SQL SERVER, ORACLE, MYSQL , Flat file or any other source

Transform means converting the data in to required single format

Load means prepare the data and provide final output.

Below is the image which illustrate same thing which we discussed earlier in this post.

ETL_First_image_By_Indiandotnet

So , I hope you understand the SSIS (ETL) role here.

Remember here SSIS use here to provide the data only rest work will be done by SSAS (SQL Server Analysis Services) and SSRS (SQL SERVER Reporting Services)

In this post we got 2 answers 1) What is SSIS ?  2) Why is SSIS? we will see How to use SSIS in next post.

Till then

Enjoy !!!

RJ !!!

Zero to hero in SSIS (SQL SERVER Integration Services) TIP #110

Recently, Many friends of mine are interested in learning SSIS so , I thought to write some blogs which might help them.

I selected following area on which I will write blog on SSIS. It would be great if you also share your inputs.

Step 1: WWH of SSIS & Architecture of SSIS ? (What , Why, How ) 

Once you understand What, Why, How you are curious to know how to create a basic program /package in SSIS. I am sure you might have used this basic SSIS package but you might not aware (Import/Export) in SQL Sever.

Step 2:- How to create my first basic package using SSIS ?

With step 2 you will be more comfortable and confident that you can create package. Once your first package is created the next step which I think  is deployment. How to deploy in real world and use it.

Step 3:- How to deploy SSIS package and different way of deploying ?

Step 4:-  How to create basic data flow task package ?

              With data flow task we will try to understand below common controls as well

                 4.a – Data Conversion

                 4.b -  Conditional Split

                 4.c – Derived column

                 4.d – Lookup

                 4.e – Merge

                 4.f – Merge Join

                 4.g- Multi cast

                 4.h – Row Count

                 4.I – Sort

                 4.j – Union all

                 4.K – Others (remaining)

 

Step 5:-  Understand For Loop Container

Step 6: Understand for each Loop container

Step 7: Sequence  container

Step 8:-  Bulk Insert Task

Step 9:- Script Task

Step 10:- Web service Task

Step 11: XML  Task

Step 12:- File System Task

Step 13:- Execute Process task

Step 14:- WWH variables? How to define application variable ?

Step 15:-  Performance improvement of SSIS Package

Step 16:- Interview questions related to SSIS

I hope with above blog steps those my friends will be benefited.

 I appreciate your inputs as well what else we can include in this series .

Enjoy !!!

RJ !!!              

How easy or difficult to write dynamic SQL ? TIP#110

This is one of the challenge for most of the developer to write dynamic SQL. Generally we follow the approach of string concatenation.

This seems very easy but we need to cast the  parameters in VARCHAR and sometimes we stuck in single code.

I am sure this happened with all of us. 

Let’s understand first a straight forward way which we (most of  us) are  using.

In example I am using person table of Adventureworks database and it is just a simple query  which provide person row according to primary key.

Dynamic_Exec

Now the above query is OK but it can be write in much better way with one of the SQL server in build stored procedure which is sp_executeSQL. This is one of the best way which have certain advantage which will discuss in next tip. Now see how we can write above query in much better way

sp_execute_SQL

DECLARE @BusinessEntityID   INT
DECLARE @DynamicSQL NVARCHAR(200)
DECLARE @Parameters NVARCHAR(100)

SET @BusinessEntityID = 1
SET @Parameters =N’@ParameterBusinessEntityID INT’

SET @DynamicSQL = N’SELECT * FROM [Person].[Person] WHERE BusinessEntityId = @ParameterBusinessEntityID ‘
EXECUTE sp_executesql @DynamicSQL, @Parameters,  @ParameterBusinessEntityID =@BusinessEntityID

If you see above query, you will find we are not using any type conversion the statement is clear.

This is one of the best way to write dynamic query which is not only increase your statement’s readability but also increase performance of your query with certain amount.

Which we will discuss in next tip.

I hope now you are eager to use this and replace all your old fashion dynamic queries.

Please do post your feedback.

Enjoy !!!

RJ !!!

An interesting setting for NULL but don’t use it for future TIP #109

As we discussed earlier in TIP#103 for NULL in which I shared that we have to take extra care for NULL.

Now in this tip I would like to share one of the interesting setting for NULL. Although it is just for knowledge but don’t use it because it is deprecated in future version and by default you this setting is always on.

Still you are thinking for which setting I am talking about.

So , I am talking about “CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL”  . Let’s understand it by following example . By Default CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL is ON which means if anything added to NULL will be null as discussed earlier in our tip #103

SET_CONCAT_NULL_ON_INDIANDOTNET

Now, see what happens when we do it OFF.

SET_CONCAT_NULL_OFF_INDIANDOTNET

So, We clearly saw in above image  when we set the CONCATE_NULL_YIELDS_NULL property to OFF it dissolved the NULL property.

My take on this property is that we should avoid it don’t try to make it OFF explicitly because if we do this then we explicitly breaking some hidden business rules.

I hope you will like this post.

Enjoy !!!

RJ !!

A big issue when try to Alter user define table type structure TIP #108

 

I hope all of you aware of  User define table type (a table value parameter) which we discussed earlier in TIP #57.

Now recently one interesting incident happened. We are using a user define table type in few stored procedure and due to some business requirement change we need to change /update data type of a particular column from TINYINT to SMALLINT.

Now this change was seems very simple you just need to change a column’s data type  but when you are going to do this, you will find this is not pretty straight forward (if the User define table type is referred in different tables).

If you go through standard steps you need to follow below steps (for  a column data type change)

1) Create a new User define table  type

2) Replaced old User define table  type with new user define table type in each stored procedures

3) Remove old User define table type.

And , I would like to say a big thanks  Mr.Norlado  who post an alternative on stackoverflow

below is the alternative steps

1) Rename the existing table type with following command

EXEC sys.sp_rename ‘dbo.StudentTableType’, ‘zStudentTableType’;

2) Create Table type with your  changes which you want


CREATE TYPE dbo.StudentTableType AS TABLE(
    StudentId INT NOT NULL,
    Name VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
    ClassId SMALLINT — changed from tinyInt to smallint
);

3. Update the reference in sql entities

DECLARE @Name NVARCHAR(776);

DECLARE REF_CURSOR CURSOR FOR
SELECT referencing_schema_name + ‘.’ + referencing_entity_name
FROM sys.dm_sql_referencing_entities(‘dbo.StudentTableType’, ‘TYPE’);

OPEN REF_CURSOR;

FETCH NEXT FROM REF_CURSOR INTO @Name;
WHILE (@@FETCH_STATUS = 0)
BEGIN
    EXEC sys.sp_refreshsqlmodule @name = @Name;
    FETCH NEXT FROM REF_CURSOR INTO @Name;
END;

CLOSE REF_CURSOR;
DEALLOCATE REF_CURSOR;

4. Now drop the renamed table type

DROP TYPE dbo.zStudentTableType;

This 4 steps helped me a lot.

I hope this may help you as well.

Enjoy!!!

RJ!!!

An interesting way of aliasing TIP#107

I recently gone through something and found a unique way of aliasing. I thought it must be share so other techies also aware of it (or might be you already aware of it).

See below example

SELECT *
FROM (VALUES (‘Rajat’,30),
             (‘Sandeep’,40),
             (‘Sunil’,35),
             (‘Shreya’,50),
             (‘Virendra’,45)) AS T(Name,Runs)

aliasing

Now when you it  you will get following result

Aliasing_result

I hope you may like this tips.

Enjoy!!!

RJ!!!

A simple way for consistency TIP #106

 

Whenever we develop application of maintain application we define sets of rules or policies  like naming convention , data type, database & SQL SERVER properties (like which property should be unable or disable)  but the problem is to cross check or to enforce these properties is very tedious.

To enforce the policies SQL SERVER provided a great feature which is Policy Based Management.  This is the feature which helps you to not only write the policies or rules but also enforce and cross check whether those rules or policies is followed in your environment or not.

Although these feature is mainly for A DBA but I think it is good for a everyone who love SQL Server.

Now let me share an example which will help us to better understand Policy Based Management.

So to begin with  firstly we have to open the Policy Based Management’s interface. Which we can get in Management folder in SQL SERVER’s object explore window. (You can see below yellow highlighted)

1

So when you expand the Policy Management in Management feature  You will see 3 different folders which are facets , condition and policies.

So there are  around 84 in build facets which is basically properties for different conditions.

Conditions are basically simple check applied using facets.

Policies are created on condition which will enforce once it created.

Below I am creating policy to check table who has row count =0 (Little bit odd) .You can try with stored procedure name not started with sp_ (will be good start as well).

So , Now create a simple condition by right click and choosing menu New condition

2

You will get following screen just add condition

3

We are creating a simple condition which will check the table which has RowCount is 0.

11

Once you created this condition you will get condition in conditions folder.

4

Now once condition is created we have to create policy. To create policy we have to right click on policy and select new policy.

5

When you click the new policy you will get following screen

6

Now we can add check Condition which we have created as shown in below figure. We can apply policy against target Like in below snap we want policy against every table for IndiandotnetDB

NewPolicy

We can set evaluation mode according to our need.

Once you saved the policy we can run it any time.

We can evaluate policy by right click Evaluate as shown in below figure

9

When we run the policy we will get following result

10

So , If you see above highlighted row which means a table contain  Row Count.

I hope with above steps you understand a basic way to create Policy Base Management concept.

Policy based management is surely a great tool to manage  database.

Please feel free to give a chance whether you are DBA or not.

Enjoy PBM !!

Happy learning !!

RJ

Enjoy with new release of Visual Studio and SQL SERVER :)

Dear All,

Although, I am bit late to share this information and might be possible most of you people aware of this.Recently Microsoft released Visual Studio 2015

and SQL SERVER 2016 CTP. Not needed to say that there are various awesome features in both build.

You can download latest Visual Studio 2015 from below link

https://www.visualstudio.com/downloads/download-visual-studio-vs

and SQL SERVER 2016 CTP from below link

https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/evalcenter/evaluate-sql-server-2016 

In future post you will be find tips & tricks related to SQL SERVER 2016 & Visual Studio 2015.

Enjoy Learning !!!

Thanks

RJ